Central retinal artery occlusion
Oct 3, 2018 • Latest change Mar 11, 2019
Table of contents
- Symptoms: sudden, painless unilateral vision loss
- First aid must be started as quickly as possible: firm pressure to the eye with the edge of a fisted hand for about 10 seconds followed by a sudden release and a pause of 10 seconds (may also be instructed to the patient over the telephone; make sure the patient has not recently undergone eye surgery or sustained an eye injury). Ocular massage may be continued (for at least 15 minutes) until other treatment is initiated.
- At the first aid centre, aspirin 250 mg may be given.
- The patient must be sent immediately to an ophthalmic emergency department. Irreversible retinal damage starts to occur 1½ hours after the occlusion.
- Aetiological investigations are started as soon as possible after the detection of the occlusion, as is done with all other disturbances of the cerebral circulation as well.
Amaurosis Fugax, Aspirin, BRAO, CRAO, Embolism, First Aid, Fundus Oculi, H34.1, Intraocular Pressure, Ophthalmology, Thrombosis, Vision Disorders, Vision loss, central retinal artery occlusion, loss of vision, retinal artery occlusion