Introduction to intestinal helminthiasis

EBM Guidelines
Dec 7, 2018 • Latest change Jun 6, 2019
Sakari Jokiranta, Heli Siikamäki and Anu Kantele

Table of contents


  • Intestinal helminths are very common parasites found worldwide (about 3 billion carriers in total).
  • Enterobiasis (pinworm/threadworm infection) is a common condition in children but can also affect adults. It appears that the incidence of pinworm infection has increased particularly in the industrialized countries, where other helminthic diseases are relatively rare.
  • Toxocara worms are roundworms of cats and dogs, and they are also found in industrialized countries.
  • The causal agents of soil-transmitted helminthiasis (roundworms, hookworms, whipworms, Strongyloides) are mainly encountered in the warm climate zones. Ascaris lumbricoides (human roundworm) is mainly encountered in Southeast Asia and China, and the other soil-transmitted helminths are encountered mainly in Africa and South America.

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Ascaris lumbricoides, B68, B69, B70, B76, B77, B78, B79, B80, B81, B83, Diphyllobothrium latum, Enterobiasis, Infectious diseases, Intestinal Parasitic Diseases, Parasitic Diseases, Strongyloides, Strongyloides stercoralis, Toxocara, Toxocariasis, Travel medicine, Trichuriasis, Trichuris trichiura, Tropical Medicine, Tropical diseases, Tropics, Z11, anisakiasis, helminthiasis, helminths, hookworm, intestinal helminthiasis, pinworm, roundworm, strongyloidiasis, sushi worm, tapeworm, threadworm, whipworm